Archive for July, 2013

Debate Delay

July 19, 2013

Due to circumstances beyond my control, my debate opponent has had to reschedule the debate that was previously scheduled for tomorrow, July 20, 2013. Lord Willing, I will provide some posts on the topic of the debate over the upcoming week or month, depending on how much time I have. I apologize to my regular readers for the shortage of blog posts recently.

K. Scott Oliphint on Covenantal Apologetics

July 9, 2013

My friends monty and taco (not his real name), recently directed me to a post by Scott Oliphint regarding covenantal apologetics (link to post). Among Oliphint’s important observations:

So, to the extent that a Covenantal Apologetic conforms to its theological roots, it is consistent, and that consistency is measured by Holy Scripture.

Which brings me to my second point. Consistency, rationality, and all such concepts have to be measured by the standard of Scripture, and not, in the first place, by what man’s mind can grasp or calculate.


Brian Mattson on Cultural Amnesia

July 1, 2013

Dr. Brian Mattson has posted a pdf corresponding to a lecture titled, “Cultural Amnesia: What Makes Pietism Possible?” The lecture makes an interesting comparison between Van Drunen-style two kingdoms views and those who argue that vaccinations are unnecessary.

Very few American travelers to certain African countries come down with yellow fever. So, it may seem unjust to require American travellers to get a yellow fever vaccination before entering those countries. On the other hand, the reason for the low incidence of yellow fever may be precisely because American travelers are required to get vaccinated against yellow fever before entering.

The point of the analogy is that sometimes a given state of affairs has an underlying cause. Ignoring that underlying cause can lead to drawing wrong conclusions from the state of affairs.

Van Drunen and similar folks make this error when they make the “Argument From Cultural Homogeneity” (see the pdf linked). But there is a significant objection to this argument. Mattson explains:

Look at it again: (A) “There is nothing distinctively ‘Christian” about cultural pursuits because (B) there is widespread cultural homogeneity.” But what if I argue the other way around: (B) there is widespread homogeneity precisely because (A) Christians have historically been effective in transforming cultural norms and expectations? This is precisely the conclusion VanDrunen does not want readers to draw. So it is not enough for him to simply point to the fact of cultural homogeneity. He has to account for it.

The way that VanDrunen attempts to account for this homogeneity is by reference to God’s covenant with Noah. Mattson skillfully rebuts this point:

Think about it for a moment. What is the covenant with Noah all about? At its core, it is about stability and regularity. Never again will God destroy all living creatures with a flood. God promises that “as long as the earth endures, seedtime and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, day and night will never cease” (Gen. 8:22). The refrain, “never again” is repeated three times (8:21; 9:11, 15). The sign of the rainbow will be an enduring sign of an “everlasting covenant” between God and all living creatures. In other words, the commitments God makes in this covenant are inalterable. God’s promises simply cannot fail. God commits to never destroy the earth by a flood? Sure enough, he has made good on this promise. God commits to uphold the regularity and uniformity of nature? Sure enough, God has made good on this promise. The sun still rises and winter still follows autumn. Now let us ask: what if God promised that there will be widespread homogeneity of cultural norms and expectations among the human race? Given God’s nature and the nature of the Noahic covenant, then there has been, in fact, widespread cultural homogeneity since the time of Noah!

Few suggestions can be more historically ignorant and empirically false. To state the blindingly obvious: the history of the human race is not a history of cultural homogeneity.

There’s plenty more in the pdf linked above. It does remind me a little of Frame’s comment in “The Escondido Theology”: “Indeed, God’s covenant with Noah is religious through and through, even on the narrowest definitions of “religion.” … God’s covenant with Noah is an administration of God’s redemptive grace, religious through and through, just as those with Abraham, Moses, David, and Christ.” (p. 137) This stands in contrast to VanDrunen’s assertion (quoted by by Frame on p. 136):

Furthermore, Genesis 9 makes it evident that the covenant of common grace regulates temporal, cultural affairs rather than more narrowly religious affairs pertaining to salvation from sin. (pp. 27-28)

(as quoted by Frame)

One of the problems of VanDrunen’s view on the two kingdoms is that it suffers from the same kind of ontological problem as atheistic morality. Atheists refuse to acknowledge that their standards of morality are borrowed property. The VanDrunen-style two kingdoms view makes the same kind of mistake, to a lesser degree, in terms of committing the cultural amnesia Mattson describes.


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