Archive for June, 2008

June 30, 2008

I recently came across a an interesting web site that appears to have as its primary focus the propagation of the Bible. One of the most interesting aspects of the web site is that it has a number of resources available both via its own website but also via the self-publishing website LuLu. According to the information on the website, the LuLu publications are at the cost set by LuLu, which entails no royalties for Obviously, there is no way for me to verify this, but the costs are very low in most cases.

Those on an even more limited budget will find interesting the free resources available not only from the website, but also via LuLu. I’ve provided an index of those resources, below, for my readers’ convenience.

Bible Versions


Bulgarian Bible based on 1940 edition, revised by


Dutch Statenvertaling Bible


The Geneva Bible 1599

Geneva Bible 1599 (Facsimile)

KJV 1611 Bible

KJV 1613 Bible (Facsimile Edition w/Apocrypha)

The Companion Bible


French Bible Louis Segond Version


Gothic Bible and Dictionary

Greek NT

Byzantine Majority Greek NT

Erasmus Greek-Latin New Testament 1522

The New Testament in the Original Greek Byzantine Textform 2005

Greek NT (Critical Editions) “4 in 1” Greek NT

Novum Testamentum Graece, Editio Octava Critica Maior (Vol I)

Novum Testamentum Graece, Editio Octava Critica Maior (Vol II)


Westminster Leningrad Codex v4.5

Westminster Leningrad Codex v4.5 (LARGE TYPE)

Salkinson-Ginsburg’s Hebrew New Testament


Latin Vulgate Bible (Biblia Sacra juxta Vulgatam Clementinam)


Complutensian Polyglot, Vol I: OLD TESTAMENT

Complutensian Polyglot, Vol II: NEW TESTAMENT


Cambridge Septuagint Vol I: Genesis – IV Kings

Cambridge Septuagint Vol II: I Chronicles – Tobit

Cambridge Septuagint Vol III: Hosea – IV Maccabees


Ostrozhskaya Biblia 1581, Volume I

Ostrozhskaya Biblia 1581, Volume II


Swedish 1917 Bible


Библия Russian Synodal Bible Fifth Edition of Russian Synodal Bible


Spanish Reina-Valera 1909 Bible


Syriac Dictionary

Bible: Young’s Literal Translation.

Syriac Grammar and Gospels


Ukrainian Bible


Yiddish New Testament (PDF)

Massoretic Materials

The Massorah compiled from Manuscripts (volume I)

The Massorah compiled from Manuscripts (volume II)

The Massorah compiled from Manuscripts (volume III)

The Massorah compiled from Manuscripts (volume IV)

Apocryphal / Patristic Materials

Gospel of John: Coptic MS Q

The Book of Enoch (Greek-English-Russian)

The Greek text of I Enoch


I have linked only to the “free” items. There are other items available as well. There are also some more questionable items. For example, the web site contains a Russian translation of one of Ellen G. White’s works, which is disappointing to see. Main Page LuLu Web Page



Covenanters Reject NPP and FV

June 29, 2008

The American Covenanters (RPCNA) have joined the growing list of conservative presbyterian and reformed churches that have rejected the New Perspective on Paul (NPP) and Federal Vision (FV) theological departures from orthodoxy. R. Scott Clark at Heidelblog reports (link).


TheoJunkie on Death

June 29, 2008

My friend, TheoJunkie, has posted an interesting blog article on the subject of death, including a few personal anecdotes that are quite touching. Caution – this article may bring you to tears. (link)


Particular Redemption – Quotation from Reymond’s Systematic Theology

June 29, 2008 has provided a lengthy excerpt from Robert Reymond’s A New Systematic Theology of the Christian Faith, 2nd ed. on the subject of Ten Lines of Evidence for Particular Redemption (link to excerpt).

Reymond’s Ten Lines:

1) The Particularistic Vocabulary of Scripture
2) God’s Redemptive Love Not Inclusive of Fallen Angels
3) The Irreversible Condition of Lost Men Already in Hell When Christ Died
4) The Limited Number of People, by Divine Arrangement, Who Actually Hear the Gospel
5) Christ’s High-Priestly Work Restricted to the Elect
6) The Father’s Particularistic Salvific Will and Work
7) The Death to Sin and Resurrection to Newness of Life of All Those for Whom Christ Died
8) The Implication in the Particularity of the Gift of Faith, a “Purchased” Blessing, For Christ’s Cross Work, the “Procuring” Act
9) The Intrinsic Efficacy of Christ’s Cross Work (Necessarily Exclusivistic)
10) An Atonement of High Value Necessarily Exclusive of an Atonement of Universal Extension

I encourage those who are considering the issue of Limited Atonement/ Particular Redemption to consider what Reymond has to say on the subject.


The Real Francis Turretin on: God’s Knowledge of the Future

June 29, 2008

Glenn H. at Pot and Torch has an interesting post on the topic of Unconditional Election. (link) I especially enjoyed the introductory quotations he provided from Ames and Turretin, two of the great systematic theologians.


Islam’s Number One Enemy? Hardly.

June 29, 2008

Recently, a popular Catholic blogger (Mark Shea) described Coptic priest Zakaria Botros as Islam’s Public Enemy #1 (link to description). Among the reasons given were nine demands that Botros has made of the Islamic world. The demands appear to me to be purely polemical. I’ve rewritten them in my own words based on the presentation provided at Crossword Bebop (link).

Here are his demands, with my comments:

1. Revise Koran so that it does not deny Jesus’ divinity, nor the “revelation of God in him.”

It would be helpful to the reader of Botros would specify the particular portions of the particular Surrahs he has in mind. The Koran clearly does deny Jesus’ divinity, but it does also seem to claim that Jesus was a prophet.

2. Admit that they believe Jesus is the spirit and word of God.

This is a very odd demand. I don’t know any mainstream Muslims that would agree with such a statement, and I don’t see any reason for Botros to claim that the Muslims really do believe that Jesus is the “spirit and word” of God.

3. Revise Koran and Hadith literature to remove verses that suggest Christians should be killed.

Some examples are provided.

4. Revise Koran and Hadith literature to remove portions that incite terrorism and oppression.

Some examples are provided.

5. Stopping the attacks on Jesus and the Bible in mosques and media.

The blogger linked above provides an alleged example.

6. Granting people in general and Muslims in particular freedom of speech/association.

Essentially the claim here is that Muslims (and people in Islamic countries) are nor free to express their beliefs.

7. Terminate the punishment of “apostasy” as well as stopping the torture, imprisonment, and killing of those who convert to Christianity.

No example was provided.

8. Formally apologize for the murder of Christians in countries invaded by Islam.

The apology is to come from the leaders throughout the “Arab world.”

9. Formally apologize for the insults to Christianity throughout Islamic history.

The apology is to come from the leaders throughout the “Arab world.”

Some Comments/Observations

These 9 points are mostly polemical/rhetorical. It would not be reasonable to expect the Islamic world to meet all 9 demands and continue to be Islamic. The demands generally seek to encourage Islam to moderate itself toward Christianity in a way that most (if not all) Muslims would find inconsistent with their form of Islam.

Certainly, some points could be accommodated. Undoubtedly, there are some Muslims who reject the severe punishments for apostasy, or who think that murders of Christians is reprehensible.

On the other hand, the idea of revising the Koran (and, among some, the Hadith literature)
is fundamentally opposed to the rudimentary principles of Islam. It is like asking Christians to revise the Bible! Making such a request is not likely to be taken seriously, except by the most liberal of Muslim scholars.

In the end, the 9 demands are essentially about pluralism not the gospel. The Muslim that grants all 9 demands does not thereby become a Christian, though he may cease to be a true Muslim. The campaign may get Muslims talking, but it’s hard for this author to imagine that the message of these 9 demands is really a significant threat to Islam.

There is a number one threat to Islam, and that is not a man, but the Gospel. The Gospel of salvation from the guilt of sin, through faith in Christ alone. A Gospel of God’s grace – of the mercy of God shown through the person of Christ. It is the Gospel of Christ crucified, buried, and risen again from the dead: Christ who will come again to judge the world at the last day.


Exclusive Psalmody Resources

June 29, 2008

Jonathan Mattul at Presbyterian Pastures has republished a letter from Pastor Rob McCurley that provides a useful guide to some excellent resources on the issue of Exclusive Psalmody. (link)

He Descended Into Hell

June 27, 2008

Recently, an article by Pastor Hyde, published as: “In Defense of the Descendit: A Confessional Response to Contemporary Critics of Christ’s Descent into Hell” (The Confessional Presbyterian 3 (2007) 104–117) has come to my attention. (link to article)

I enjoyed the article, which provides a Reformed rebuttal both to criticisms (from well-meaning but ill-informed Reformed and other Evangelical folks) and abuses (from Romanists and others). It’s a great example of taking back the so-called Apostle’s Creed from historical revisionism.

Although, of course, we do not consider the Apostle’s Creed to be itself apostolic, nor to be authoritative, it is still encouraging to see that it is not something that must be rejected as heterodox.


Genuine Christian Apostasy Debate

June 26, 2008

I’m pleased to announce that a debate between J.C. Thibodaux and myself on the topic of the Perseverance of the Saints. JCT will be the affirmative in the debate, affirming a resolution that denies that the doctrine of the Perseverance of the Saints is consistent with Scripture. I will be the negative, defending PotS as consistent with Scripture.

Here’s a link to the debate in general (link).

Here’s a link to JCT’s opening (link) (and the mirror at his own website).
Here’s a link to my opening (link).

May this examination of God’s word be edifying both to the debaters and the readers,


Apologetics in the Information Age – a Response to Mark Shea

June 26, 2008

I’ve posted a new article at the Team Apologian blog. The general topic is the relevance and importance of apologetics. In some sense it is meta-apologetics – a defense of a defense of the faith.

Here’s the first paragraph:

The printing press revolutionized apologetics. Suddenly it became possible for books to be widely disseminated with a relatively small expense. Today, the Internet has reduced that expense even further. As with the printing press, the blessings are mixed. The technological advances make defending the faith easier, but they also making attacking the faith easier. Apologetics remains important – and the defenders of the faith have an important role to play.

(read more)

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